Research to Strengthen Culture of Knowledge Programme: Four Research Papers under Translation for Publication in English
Ettijahat- Independent Culture in cooperation with Mimeta will publish four research papers translated into English, completed under the Research to Strengthen Culture of Knowledge Programme in its second and third editions. This step allows English speakers interested in the Syrian affairs to read the views of young Syrian intellectuals investigating the Syrian reality and expressing it from the perspective of those directly affected. This is highly important, particularly in light of the West and Europe's current unprecedented interest in all that is written about Syria. The book will be published in the second half of 2017.
Selected research papers are:
Camp Construction and the Syrian Refugee, by Alina Oueishek
This research paper examines the characteristics of the construction of the Al-Jirahiya Refugee Camp in Beqaa, Lebanon; how refugees formed it; and its internal boundaries, both visible and invisible. The goal of the paper is to understand the different relationships formed within, how they are affecting and being affected by the camp’s surrounding urban environment. The paper examines the general boundaries of the camp; the groups formed due to the relationship among several adjacent tents, two tents, or one tent inhabited by more than one family; and the relationships within one tent inhabited by one family.
The paper focuses on the dynamics formed between living space and those who occupy it, on the individual and group levels. How does this dynamic affect the visible and invisible boundaries for the individuals within, especially women and children?
The Image of the Tortured Body in Syrian Art, by Mohammad Omran
This paper examines the image of the tortured body in Syrian art, both before and after the Syrian revolution. The paper explores the changes that occurred regarding this image by answering a key question: How did the revolution change this image?
The paper endeavours to identify changes seen in Syrian art after 2011, by measuring and analyzing changes to the ‘tortured body’ theme, caused by historical and violent events, in artworks by Syrian artists.
Children under the Darkness of the Islamic State, by Wassim Alsalty
This research contributes to the dissection and analysis of the practices of the Islamic State and its dangerous acts against Syrian children, where it violates the children's inherent and legal rights, replacing them with arduous duties that would instill doctrines of hatred, violence and death in their minds. The research focuses on the methods of child recruitment, abuse and ill-treatment, and the serious effects of their exposure to a high and daily dose of violence practiced by the Islamic State and its extremist mentality.
Political Stereotypes During the Syrian Uprising: Meanings and Effects, by Hani Al Telfah
This paper examines types of political stereotypes, by explaining them linguistically and looking into their uses and meanings within Syrian political rhetoric during the uprising. The goal is to discover the effects of these stereotypes on social relationships among individuals. It also poses a key question: Were these stereotypes a cause of violence and destruction of the other?
The paper documents cases where stereotypes were used, focusing on four of them, including menhebbakji (lover of Assad), shabbeeh (regime’s militant), mundass (lurker—a name used by regime supporters to describe demonstrators), and ramadi (grey—avoiding taking sides). The paper explores the social effects of these stereotypes and tries to answer two questions: Were these stereotypes causes of violence in Syria? How did parties of the conflict use them to justify use of violence?